Facts & Numbers on Dementia

Research conducted for Dementia UK: second edition shows that, in 2013, there were 815,827 people with dementia in the UK (Alzheimer’s Society, 2014). 773,502 of these people with dementia were aged 65 years or over. This represents one in every 79 (1.3%) of the entire UK population and 1 in every 14 of the population aged 65 years and over. In 2015, there will be 856,700 people with dementia in the UK at the current rate of prevalence. If current trends continue and no action is taken, the number of people with dementia in the UK is forecast to increase to 1,142,677 by 2025 and 2,092,945 by 2051, an increase of 40% over the next 12 years and of 156% over the next 38 years. Many people with dementia experience difficulties with their sight and perception which may cause them to misinterpret the world around them. Colour, and contrasting colour in particular, can help people with dementia to live better in their homes and local communities. Making objects stand out using colour - for example, a red grab rail on a white wall is more easily visible than a white grab rail. Using contrasting colour in the bathroom can have a big impact on everyday life; a toilet seat is easier to see if it contrasts with the colour of the toilet bowl and walls. Colour can be used to highlight important objects and orientation points, such as a toilet seat. Toilet seats that contrast in colour with the rest of the room will help the person with dementia to find the toilet. Design changes, such as using contrasting colours around the home, are very useful in making items easier for people with dementia to identify.

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